Vertical farming is a relatively new and unfamiliar term for the common populace. It is one of the alternative techniques in which food products are grown in vertically stacked layers with the help of artificial lighting. This method is sustainable as it uses less space to give more produce. It uses different type of growth mechanism, such as Hydroponic and Aeroponics, combined with its components and fixtures. These components are lighting components, hydroponic components, climate controls, and sensing devices.