With the rise in globalization and modernization, change in every aspect of life is visible, whether it is household, professional or industrial sector. The industrial sector has developed rapidly with the onslaught of latest technology and has adopted the same to suit its purpose. Industrial Revolution was a great transition in manufacturing process, cottage industries were replaced by big mechanical and chemical factories. Now is the time of another industrial revolution wherein mechanical work is being automated by installing automated guided vehicles in the factories. Automated guided vehicles are a part of the industrial robotics technology and are used for factory automation and they cover a wide variety of application.