The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) established World Diabetes Day in 1991 in response to growing concerns about the disease's increasing health risks.
Diabetes and Its Types
Diabetes is a medical disorder in which the blood sugar or glucose levels are abnormally high. Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are the two forms of diabetes recognized by science and medicine.
The fundamental distinction between the two types of diabetes is that Type 1 is a hereditary condition that frequently manifests early in life. In contrast, Type 2 is primarily diet-related that develops over time. The body’s immune system targets and damages the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas if one has Type 1 diabetes. Insulin oversees collecting sugar from the blood, changing it to energy, and storing it in cells.
In Type 2 diabetes, the body still generates a small quantity of insulin, but it is ineffective. The pancreas is unable to cope with high blood sugar levels caused by unhealthy eating habits and lack of exercise. In both circumstances, blood sugar levels rise.
History of World Diabetes Day
Since 1991, the 14th of November has been recognized as World Diabetes Day. Sir Frederick Banting, who co-founded insulin with Charles Best and John James Rickard Macleod in 1922, was born on this date, which is why World Diabetes Day is honored on his birthday. Diabetes mellitus and its various forms are the focus of this global awareness campaign.
The World Diabetes Day campaign intends to serve as a year-round platform for IDF advocacy initiatives. It also aims to raise public awareness about diabetes as a worldwide health issue via coordinated initiatives.
Kidney failure, stroke, heart attack, lower limb amputation, and blindness can all be consequences of chronic diabetes. However, these can be averted if people adopt a healthy lifestyle that incorporates a balanced diet and sufficient physical activities.
Furthermore, even if anyone is afflicted, they can recover by taking the necessary treatment and choosing appropriate screening activities and therapy in case of problems.
Diabetes cases have skyrocketed in the last 25 years. According to WHO, diabetes will become the world's seventh primary cause of death if the current rate persists. As a result, devoting a whole day to spreading awareness is essential to reduce this criticality.
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