Individuals, their families, and even nations lose a lot of money because of road accidents. Treatment costs and lost productivity for individuals who are killed or disabled because of their injuries and family members who miss work or school to care for the injured.
As a result, intelligent transportation systems are being created worldwide to reduce these losses by implementing smart technologies such as traffic management, ramp meters, and traveler information systems.
Furthermore, with the concept of smart cities changing cities into digital societies, making the lives of its citizens simpler in every manner, the intelligent transportation system (ITS) becomes an essential component among all.
By merging current communications technology with transportation infrastructure and vehicles, intelligent transportation systems (ITSs) technologies increase transportation safety and mobility while also enhancing the country's productivity. ITS includes a wide range of information and electrical technologies based on both wireless and wired connections.
According to recent research, governments all over the world are implementing ITS to improve road safety and operational performance of the transportation system while also minimizing transportation's environmental impact.
Furthermore, ITS cannot be implemented by a single stakeholder; it requires cooperation from various domains, including telecom operators, infrastructure providers, manufacturers, service providers, public sector organizations, and user groups. As a result, public-private partnerships (PPPs) will be essential to the growth of ITS.
According to BIS Research, the global intelligent transportation systems market is expected to reach $40.76 billion by 2031, growing with a CAGR of 5.8% during the forecast period 2021-2031.
The ITS sector has changed how people regulate the operation of all modes of transportation during the last few decades, proving to be a highly successful and low-cost solution to traffic management, particularly in urban areas.
For example, green light optimized speed advisory (GLOSA) is a connected vehicle system that facilitates speed harmonization. GLOSA is now available and provides drivers with a recommended driving speed to limit the amount of unnecessary red light stops, with the primary goal of boosting traffic flow while reducing fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.
Another example is Advanced Pre-Emption, which uses signs to warn vehicles of approaching trains at grade rail crossings on their current route, causing a delay in their journey, allowing them to change their route and escape the wait.
Intelligent transportation systems are a crucial facilitator of the smart city idea. At the moment, such technologies generate quantitative information that may be analyzed to understand people's dynamics.
To address the multidimensional complexity of spatiotemporal urban mobility data, researchers and practitioners have developed a large body of research and interactive visualization tools.
The advancement of data visualization tools has increased during the last decade. They've been utilized to examine difficulties in urban mobility dynamics, and they're well-known for supporting decision-making and identifying patterns.
The intrinsic multidimensionality of urban mobility data necessitates the development of interactive visualization systems capable of rapidly responding to domain specialists' analytical obligations and presenting several perspectives on data.
Telecommunication Networks: As one of the pillars of modern society, transportation is subject to rising demands for efficiency, security, reliability, cost-effectiveness, and ecological sustainability.
ITS results from a well-developed process that combines many current technological components to create a solution for general transportation control and transportation information services.
Recent developments indicate that a rethinking of the ITS concept is underway to create a high-level system that allows interactions between automobiles, road infrastructure, drivers, and traffic controllers to suit the growing need for new transportation.
Furthermore, telecommunications companies are capable of developing and deploying next-generation ITS. The inherent mobility awareness in telecommunication networks is a critical strength of telecommunications for ITS. They are the foundation of a successful ITS architecture. Increased demand for fiber optic cables is predicted to stimulate the expansion of telecommunication networks.
Sensors: In-vehicle sensors and their uses in safety, traffic management, and entertainment are being developed by automobile manufacturers.
Government agencies are building roadside infrastructure such as cameras and sensors to collect data on environmental and traffic conditions. By seamlessly combining the sensing and communication capabilities of automobiles and sensing devices, intelligent transportation systems may be developed.
Sensing systems are broadly classified into two groups. The first type is an intra-vehicular sensing platform, which collects data on a vehicle's status. The second sort of platform, urban sensing platforms, gathers traffic data. Sensor technology is critical for collecting data during vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) interactions.
Monitoring and Detection System: Vehicle detectors are an important part of today's traffic control systems. As a result, numerous parameters such as traffic flow data points, reliability, consistency, accuracy and precision, and detector reaction time should be considered while selecting a vehicle detector.
As the number and type of detectors increase, these parameters become more important, and the real-time control aspects of the intelligent transportation system become complicated due to the variety of data collected by different detectors and data interpretation and integration into the existing traffic control system may cause complications.
Alternative detector technologies directly monitor traffic metrics, such as density (vehicles per mile per lane), travel time, and vehicle turning movement.
These updated detectors give more precise data, features that could not be monitored directly with previous devices, inputs to area-wide monitoring and control of signalized intersections, and help with driver information services.
To summarize, intelligent transportation system (ITS) technologies improve transportation safety and mobility while also increasing production in the country.
The telecommunication networks segment is expected to lead the market throughout the forecast period (2021-2031) as wires and lines are required for every ITS function as they form the path to a successful ITS architecture.
Also, increasing demand for fiber optic cables is expected to boost the growth of the market for telecommunication networks.
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